Sexual health of a man is an integral part of his life, which affects his psychoemotional state and general health. Any problems in sexual sphere can negatively affect both relationship with partner and entire social life of the person. Unfortunately, an increasing number of representatives of the stronger sex all over the world complain of decreased libido and weak erection, which makes it impossible to have a full sexual intercourse. And doctors more and more often diagnose «erectile dysfunction». In order to select adequate treatment for impotence it is necessary to identify reason for its appearance.
Psychological causes of erectile dysfunction (weak potency) are common among young men who have recently begun sexual life. Problems, as a rule, are connected in this case with psychological traumas received in childhood or adolescence, if parents taught child that sex is something shameful. Also, problem of erectile dysfunction can be a result of anxiety due to lack of experience, fear of being ridiculed, fear of getting STDs, etc. Medics claim that adult male with sufficient sexual experience can independently cope with psychological impotence (erectile dysfunction), while young people often need specialist advice. Also, significant role in this matter is played by relationship with partner. They can be either the cause of potency disorders (with constant mockery, lack of spiritual intimacy, etc.), or a method of treating impotence (with emotional support).
Causes of weak erection (impotence) can be covered in lack of testosterone in the body. This condition in scientific circles is called «hypogonadism». Most often this type of erectile dysfunction is observed in middle-aged and elderly men, less often in young people. With lack of testosterone, reactions responsible for erectile dysfunction are slowed. Hormonal reasons that lead to impotence also can include endocrine disorders associated with excessive production of prolactin. Prolactin has antagonistic action against testosterone.
Vascular causes of impotence in men are associated with damages of vascular walls, which lead to violation of blood supply to penis and decreased erection. As a rule, in this case problem of erectile dysfunction arises from presence of other diseases, such as atherosclerosis, diabetes, diseases of cardiovascular system. For example, in men with atherosclerosis, there is increased content of blood cholesterol, which is deposited on inner surface of vascular wall and contributes to formation of atherosclerotic plaques closing lumen of vessels. The disease is reflected on all organs, blood supply of which is carried out through these vessels, including penis.
Impotence in men may be associated with consequences of blood stroke, illness and injury of peripheral nerves and central nervous system. The reason for weak potency (erection) in this case is complete absence or difficulty of passage of nerve impulses into cavernous bodies. In 75% of cases problem of erectile dysfunction symptoms develops on the background of spinal cord injuries, in 25% of cases – in presence of neoplasms, cerebrovascular pathologies, herniated disk, multiple sclerosis, syringomyelia and other diseases.
Erectile dysfunction (impotence) can develop in men on the background of taking medications to treat other serious diseases such as gout, cardiovascular and ulcer diseases, mental disorders, etc. As a rule, after the drug is canceled or replaced with analog, erection is restored. But there are cases when cancellation or replacement of the drug is impossible, then treatment of the disease is inextricably linked with development of erectile dysfunction (impotence).
Other Causes of Erectile Dysfunction
Reasons contributing to development of impotence (erectile dysfunction) can also include many bad habits: smoking, drinking alcohol and harmful foods, unprotected sex, frequent bathing, stress and much more. At use of fatty foods and alcoholic beverages, substances that contribute to appearance of excess weight, increase in the number of female hormones and decrease in male hormones, get into the body of a man, which leads not only to impotence, but also to infertility. During smoking, carbon monoxide enters the body, which detains oxygen. From this, blood vessels are clogged up, mostly thin vessels of penis. Accordingly, there is violation of blood flow to penis and erectile dysfunction. In case of unprotected sex with new partner, a man runs the risk of getting diseases such as herpes, gonorrhea, chlamydia, trichomoniasis, HIV, syphilis, etc. Such STDs cause of narrowing of urethra, impotence and infertility. Erection is also greatly influenced by temperature effect: when scrotum overheats, spermatozoa die. This should be taken into account to all lovers of sauna.
Erectile Dysfunction Treatment
After specialist has discovered, what caused impotence (erectile dysfunction), he can start a course of combating organic and psychological disorders. As basis of treatment of weak erection on the background of diabetes intake of sugar reducing agents is used. If impotence (erectile dysfunction) was caused by atherosclerosis, patient is prescribed a special diet, weight loss procedures and medicines to regulate lipid metabolism. At weak erection caused by heart disease, patient needs control and maintenance of blood pressure within limits of individual norms. If violation of sexual function arose because of treatment of prostate cancer, then course of therapy for impotence (weak erection) is developed together with andrologists.
To strengthen and restore erection, experts recommend using erectile dysfunction drugs that are suitable for men with various concomitant diseases and do not cause side effects. To prevent development of erectile dysfunction it is necessary to lead healthy lifestyle, adhere to healthy diet and give up bad habits.